Daily Digest 1/10-12/18

DCW asks DMs to keep an eye on child marriages | Business Standard News

The has asked the DMs to provide them, by January 25, reports of any incidents within the jurisdiction of each sub division, number of complaints received regarding child marriages from 2013 till date, action taken on each complaint along with the present status, whether prohibition officer within the jurisdiction has organised any awareness camps to sensitize the community on the issue, problems being encountered by DMs office as well each sub-division office in the jurisdiction in the proper implementation of Prohibition of Act, 2006.

EDITORIAL: Urban planning

Child marriage is a serious social evil in the Tarai region due to age-old tradition and culture. Many parents, rich or poor, want to get their children married young well before they reach 18 years of age. According to law, a person below 18 years of age is considered a child and getting him/her married below that age is illegal and punishable by law. But the law does not apply in most parts of the Tarai districts. A report from Bara district states that child marriage is very high, especially in Dalit community.

Nationwide, 29 percent children are married off before they reach the age allowed by law. Effects of child marriage are countless. A child who is forced to marry young suffers from physical and mental growth. S/he is deprived of educational opportunity and ultimately, both the sexes suffer due to the traditional practice. In order to bring an end to this practice, the local level governments must come up with plans encouraging those communities to send their kids to schools. The government’s positive intervention is a must to discourage such ill practice.

61% girls among 4,302 missing kids in last 7 years | Nagpur News – Times of India

Nagpur: Of the 4,302 missing children cases registered with the city crime branch over last seven years, 61% were girls. The fate of 137 of the 2,644 missing girls is still unknown. The number of boys still missing is 78 out of 1,658. Even Operation Smile and Operation Muskan launched in recent times by the police have failed to give positive results in these cases.
The statistics show that the number of missing girls is always high. When TOI asked the reasons for this, DCP (Economics Offence Wing) Shweta Khedkar said, “Maximum number of girls in the age group of 14 and 18 have eloped with their close friends. There are hardly a few cases of human trafficking.”

Going by Supreme Court rulings, offence of kidnapping is immediately registered against unknown persons at the local police station as soon as a child is reported missing. The matter is transferred to the crime branch if the child is not found within four months, said Khedkar.

Motorcycle rally

Patna district magistrate Kumar Ravi on Wednesday morning flagged off a motorcycle rally from Gandhi Maidan’s gate number one to create awareness about the human chain that would be formed on January 21 in support of a campaign against dowry and child marriage.

The ‘Beti Padhao’ campaign of the 19th century – Mumbai Mirror

Municipal students are being taught about the achievements of Savitribai Phule and Fatima Sheikh, pioneers of girls’ education in the country.

Improve on last year’s chain: Govt

 Chief secretary Anjani Kumar Singh has asked all district magistrates (DMs) and superintendents of police (SPs) to ensure there is at least 5 per cent increase in the human chain length and number of participants vis-à-vis last year.

Preparations are on full steam for the state-sponsored human chain against child marriage and dowry on January 21.

Florida child marriage bill passes all Senate committees

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. — The Florida Senate Rules Committee unanimously passed a bill to end child marriage in Florida. SB 140 has now passed all three Senate committees (Judiciary/Children, Families, and Elder Affairs/Rules) without a single opposing vote.

Eliminating child marriage will reduce burden of VVF – Presidential Aide – Vanguard News

Mrs Maryam Uwais, the Special Adviser to President Muhammadu Buhari on Special Protection Plan, says addressing child marriage will reduce the high burden of Vesico Vaginal Fistula (VVF) in Nigeria.

Read more at: https://www.vanguardngr.com/2018/01/eliminating-child-marriage-will-reduce-burden-vvf-presidential-aide/

 

Child marriage: 11-yo engaged to 12-yo in Kafr al-Sheikh

A 12-year-old girl became engaged on Wednesday to an 11-year-old boy, as photos circulated on Facebook of their engagement ceremony, which took place in Qabrit village, in the Nile Delta city of Kafr al-Sheikh. “I’m happy with the engagement, because the groom is my cousin,

UNICEF, Australian Government partner to fight child marriages

For this reason, the United Nations Children’s Fund and the Australian High Commission have come together to raise awareness around the critical issue of child marriage in Kenya. UNICEF has steered a campaign, #ENDChildMarriageKE that aims at driving awareness around the harmful practice of…

Celebrities call for #JusticeforZainab to end girls’ rape and murder in Pakistan

A 2011 Thomson Reuters Foundation poll found Pakistan to be the world’s third most dangerous country for women, due to acid attacks, child marriage and punishment by stoning. Ansari was the twelfth girl to be abducted, raped and killed in the past year in Kasur district, police said.

Too young to marry? Alaska legislator urges ban on marriage for 14- and 15-year-olds

Why propose legislation if child marriage is rare? “It’s a small thing overall, but for those very few it could be huge,” Gardner said. Teen marriage … Certain cultures view marriage differently and may accept child marriage. Some immigrants and refugees may also bring those traditions with them.

My Turn: Disturbing matrimony in New Hampshire

By contrast, New Hampshire’s laws about marriage have not kept pace with changing attitudes about child marriage. With parental permission and a court order, New Hampshire girls can marry at age 13 and New Hampshire boys can marry at age 14.

The group established a settlement in a remote area near Lund, Iron County. After John Coltharp and his parents got involved with the religion, they took John Coltharp’s four children, ranging in age from 4 to 8, from Spring City to Iron County.

The Knights-of-the-Crystal-Blade website says the group believes in polygamy and child marriage. And according to Daniels, the evidence shows that’s exactly what happened to John Coltharp’s and Samuel Shaffer’s daughters, both 8.

Each man “married” the other man’s daughter “and then they did sexual married things to the 8-year-old girls,” Daniels says.

Knights of the Crystal Blade founders married each other’s 7- and 8-year-old daughters, Utah affidavit says – The Salt Lake Tribune

The leaders of a fundamentalist Mormon offshoot called Knights of the Crystal Blade took each other’s daughters as child brides, according to a search warrant that was recently unsealed.

Somaliland introduces bill to outlaw rape [The Morning Call] | Africanews

Somaliland – a breakaway semi-autonomous region of Somalia has introduced a bill outlawing rape, the first piece of legislation to address gender-based violence in the self-declared state.

Under the Somaliland, rape and other related offences bill, all forms of sexual offence would be criminalised, including rape, gang rape, sexual assault, trafficking and child marriage.

 

The price women pay | Business Line

In 1889, a Bengali child bride named Phulmani died following brutal conjugal intercourse. It was argued that the incident was in fact not rape because Hari Maiti, her husband, was simply exercising his marital right. Phulmani was a little over 10 years at the time of her death. In 1890, the case went to trial in the Calcutta Sessions Court, but Maiti was acquitted of rape on the grounds that Phulmani was above the age of consent, fixed at 10 at that time through the Criminal Law Amendment Act of 1860. Following the testimony of Phulmani’s mother that her daughter’s bedding and bed clothes were covered in blood, Maiti was convicted under Section 338 of the Indian Penal Code for “causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others.” He was sentenced to one year of rigorous imprisonment.

The incident brought about several reactionary legislative responses and triggered nationwide debates around a host of social issues including child marriage, age of consent and marital rape. Among other things (and in the aftermath of the Sati abolition in 1829), it reinforced colonial stereotypes of the perceived barbarity of Indians.

Owing largely to public outrage and the efforts of social reformers such as Behramji Malabari, the direct result of the Phulmani case was the revision in the age of consent provisions. In 1891, a bill was presented by Lord Lansdowne, the then Viceroy of India. It sought to amend Section 375 of the penal code and increase the age of consent to 12 years. This bill was passed on March 29, 1891, and criminalised sex with a girl under 12 even within matrimony. Later, in independent India, agitations by women’s groups brought about the revision of the age of consent from 12 to 15 in 1949; this was subsequently revised to 16 in 1982.

 

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